Coronavirus (COVID-19) At a glance, Symptoms and Prevention

What is Coronavirus or COVID-19 ?

Corona Virus is an infectious disease which declared  as COVID-19 by WHO . As this virus infected first time to human so it’s called Novel Coronavirus or COVID-19. Although it has many types but only 7 types of coronavirus can affected human and COVID-19 is one of them.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) At a glance, Symptoms and Prevention

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Microscopic View

This outbreak was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019 and then it spread all over the world. It’s assuming this virus transferred from wild animal to human and then human to human transmission. The researchers says, this virus behaves different after mutated to human body which causes more infection.

How does the coronavirus disease spread ?

How Coronavirus Spreads

It’s like normal cold and it spreads by infected persons  cough or sneezing . The droplets land on surfaces and are picked up on the hands of others and spread further. People catch the virus when they touch their infected hands to their mouth, nose or eyes.

What are the Symptoms Of Coronavirus ?

What are the Symptoms Of Coronavirus

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

Coronavirus infects the lungs. The two main symptoms are a fever or a dry cough, which can sometimes lead to breathing problems.

The cough to look out for is a new, continuous cough. This means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or having three or more coughing episodes in 24 hours. If you usually have a cough, it may be worse than usual.

You have a fever if your temperature is above 37.8C. This can make you feel warm, cold or shivery.

A sore throat, headache and diarrhoea have also been reported and a loss of smell and taste may also be a symptom.

Key Symptoms of Coronavirus 

It takes five days on average to start showing the symptoms, but some people will get them much later. The World Health Organization (WHO) says the incubation period lasts up to 14 days.

How to be protected from Coronavirus ?

Young woman wearing protection face mask against coronavirus 2019-nCoV pushing a shopping cart. Concept of coronavirus

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority.Many countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks.

Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping their outbreaks. However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.

You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:

    • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
      Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
    • Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
      Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
    Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Three things you should remember to get prevent from Coronavirus

    • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
      Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
    • Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
      Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
  • Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places  – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.

Woman in the city. Person in a mask. Coronavirus theme.

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. Many researchers and scientists are doing their research under WHO and the whole world is waiting to be cure from this curse.

 

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